In Todays article, we will learn in brief about the techniques of hair transplant surgery to treat hair loss and male pattern baldness. The advantages and disadvantages of each hair restoration technique and which one you should opt for when you decide to undergo hair transplant, specially important is to achieve natural appearance by mimicking original hair orientation.
Hair Transplantation: is a minimally invasive surgical procedure where hair follicles are removed from one part of body (called the donor site) and transplanted to a bald or balding part of the body usually scalp. Hair transplant can also be used to restore hair anywhere in the body like eyebrows, beard hair, chest hair and so on. And remember it’s a simple one day procedure done on OPD basis.
Now, Lets Quickly know how this is done. There are two main methods for harvesting hair from Donor Site:
- Strip Harvesting and FUT – Follicular unit transplant (FUT). This is the traditional hair transplant method which involves extracting a linear strip of hair bearing skin from the back or the side of the scalp. The strip is then dissected to separate individual grafts. These hair follicles at the back of your scalp are usually resistant to the action of DHT – dihydroxytestosterone which is responsible for male pattern baldness. This strip of hair taken from back of the scalp is generally about 1–1.5 x 15–30 cm in size. Then this incision is closed by suturing.
- Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE): In this method, individual follicular units containing 1 to 4 hairs are removed under local anesthesia; this micro removal typically uses tiny punches of between 0.6mm and 1.0mm in diameter. The surgeon then uses very small micro blades or fine needles to puncture the sites for receiving the grafts, placing them in a predetermined density and pattern, and angling the wounds in a consistent fashion to promote a realistic hair pattern.
FUE takes place in a single long session or multiple small sessions. The FUE procedure is more time consuming than strip surgery.
These two methods have their own Pros and Cons like:
Strip FUT is more invasive and involves incision and suturing and can sometimes leave a bad scar on the back which may sometimes be difficult to conceal by long hair styles.
Whereas the FUE is cosmetically better but more time consuming and expensive to the patient.
So the question is, which technique you should opt for to get the best results with proper hair orientation. Well, though expensive, you should opt for:
Robotic Hair Restoration method of Hair transplant: This method uses cameras and robotic arms to assist the surgeon with the FUE procedure. In 2009, NeoGraft became the first robotic surgical device FDA approved for hair restoration. The ARTAS System was FDA approved in 2011. This ARTAS system is a proven and permanent solution that provides natural results without any stitches or scars and without any damage to existing hair.
The High Definition Stereoscopic Vision System Utilizes Artificial Intelligence Algorithms to Identify and Select the Best Hair Follicles for Harvesting.
Please locate your stage of baldness to decide your treatment option FROM HERE.