Today we will discuss on What is Fatty Liver and can it be reversed?
Fatty liver, or hepatic steatosis, is a term that describes the buildup of fat in the liver. It’s normal to have small amounts of fat in your liver, but too much can become a health problem.
Fatty liver develops when the body creates too much fat or can’t metabolize fat efficiently enough. The excess fat is stored in liver cells where it accumulates and causes fatty liver disease.
In mild forms, fatty liver can be a reversible condition that may improve with lifestyle modifications such as diet changes, weight loss, and increased physical activity. In many cases, fatty liver has no symptoms.
Fatty liver becomes harmful when the condition progresses. Liver inflammation (steatohepatitis) can lead to liver scarring, liver cancer, and end-stage liver disease.
The most common cause of fatty liver identified in most cases is alcohol use disorder and heavy drinking.
However, there are other causes of fatty liver:
2.higher body weight,
3.a diet high in processed sugar,
6. low physical activity,
7.Hepatitis C or other infections
8.side effects of certain medications like methotrexate (Trexall), tamoxifen (Nolvadex), amiodorone (Pacerone), and valproic acid (Depakote)
9.Gallbladder removal. Some people who have surgery to remove their gallbladder are more likely to have NAFLD.
There are two basic types of fatty liver: nonalcoholic and alcoholic.
Alcoholic fatty liver is the earliest stage of alcohol-related liver disease. Heavy drinking damages the liver, and the liver can’t break down fats as a result.
Abstaining from alcohol will likely cause the fatty liver to subside. Within six weeks of not drinking alcohol, the fat can disappear.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) develops when the liver has difficulty breaking down fats, which causes a buildup in the liver tissue. The cause isn’t related to alcohol.
As fat builds up, it can cause inflammation.
Symptoms of this condition are related to inflammation and worsening liver function. These can include:
Most cases of NASH are detected in people between ages 40 and 60, according to the American Liver Foundation.
Who’s at risk for fatty liver?
It’s more likely to develop if you’re overweight or obese.
Having type 2 diabetes also may increase your risk for fatty liver.
Other factors that may increase your risk for fatty liver include:
excessive alcohol use
taking more than the recommended doses of certain over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol)
high triglyceride levels
low physical activity
How is fatty liver treated?
If you already have fatty liver then these are the things which you can do in order to treat it
limiting or avoiding alcoholic beverages
managing your cholesterol and reducing your intake of sugars and saturated fats
controlling your blood sugar
And as we all know “Prevention is always better than cure”we’ll discuss simple things which can be done to prevent this condition from occurring if you are at risk of developing fatty liver.
Limit or eliminate alcohol from your diet.
Eat a healthy, balanced diet.
keep your cholesterol and your triglyceride levels in control.
Control diabetes if you have developed the condition.
Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week.